As a fitness professional, nutrition is one of those topics that can be tricky to navigate. It can also be confusing as to what your boundaries are regarding nutrition and how much information you are legally allowed to give a client if you are not a certified nutritionist or a registered dietician (RD). It is perfectly fine to give general healthy eating advice based on the Dietary Guidelines, “But with anything medically related, such as heart disease, high blood pressure, eating disorders, Crohn’s disease, etc., always [refer to] a registered dietitian. Your responsibility to your clients cannot be taken lightly, as you risk making a dangerous misdiagnosis or causing significant harm or injury. If you are not a registered dietitian or specially trained in nutrition, you may not recognize food sensitivities or allergies in your clients, which for some people can not only hinder their fitness progress, but can also lead to significant health problems.
The bottom line is your clients will not get the results they want without changing their eating habits. But you can’t be with them 24/7 to monitor what they’re eating, so what’s a trainer to do?
Set SMART goals, but above all, highlight the "attainable" component of the SMART acronym. “Reward even the smallest positive change and remember, small steps are the most effective way to reach lofty goals.”
Goals should revolve around behaviors the client can—and wants to—keep for the long-term, it’s important that the client chooses the goals he or she wants to work on, as opposed to you providing goals. “He then owns his goals and can’t say ‘that just wasn’t the right goal for me,’ because he picked the goal.”
It can be overwhelming for most people to overhaul their eating habits. Start small. I like to advise people to write down five to 10 eating behaviors they are willing to change. After you review and modify as needed with subtle guidance, ask the client to pick the first one he wants to work on for the next two to four weeks. Once he has that behavior under control, have him pick the next behavior to work on.
Initially focus on portion sizes and timing of meals, rather than telling people what they can and can’t eat. “It can be very discouraging to be told all the things you should not eat,” “Timing, portions and control are the three main stages to developing healthy nutrition habits.”
Encouraging people to add healthier food, as opposed to handing them a list of “bad” foods they need to avoid can help them feel less deprived and more in control. If they keep a food diary, you will be able to see, for instance, how much water they’re drinking each day. You can then help them set a goal to begin incorporating more water into their day. Find out where their main problem areas are. “For instance, perhaps they don’t eat any fresh fruit. Find out if they like any kind of fruit at all and see if they are willing to eat one piece of fruit a day to start.
What’s the difference between “All Natural” and “Organic”? What are some vegetarian sources of protein? How can you tell if fresh produce is genetically modified (GMO) or if the beef you normally eat was raised on hormones and fed GMO food? Is the Omni Diet safe? What are some good examples of pre- and post-workout meals?
There is a lot of misinformation and confusion out there. If you aren’t on top of the latest research and able to distinguish between true nutritional claims and false ones, how can your clients possibly do it? And how can they be successful at changing their eating habits if you can’t give them the basic information they need. Fitness and nutrition go hand-in-hand.